Finding out you have diabetes is a life altering experience. It is important to learn all you can about what form of diabetes you have and how it is treated.

Diabetes or diabetes mellitus is a metabolism disorder in which a person has high blood glucose (blood sugars), either because a body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin or because their body’s production of insulin is not accurate. People who are first diagnosed with diabetes will have any number of symptoms, including blurred vision, clammy skin, extreme thirst, urination, or hunger.

There are three types of diabetes that a person can be diagnosed with: Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational. Type 1 is not as common as Type 2, and means that a patient does not produce any insulin, and usually occurs before a person turns 40. People with Type 1 diabetes will have to have to take insulin for the rest of their life.

Type 2 is the most common diabetes. Over 90% of worldwide cases known to date have this type of diabetes, and it is usually caused when a person’s body does not produce enough insulin. People diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes are commonly pre-diabetic and had higher levels of glucose in their bodies because the cells in their bodies were becoming more resistant to insulin.

Gestational diabetes occurs only in pregnant women. During pregnancy, some women have higher levels of glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to break down the glucose.

All types of diabetes are treatable. Gestational diabetes usually reverts itself once a woman has given birth. Patients who are diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes will have it for the rest of their lives. While most people with Type 2 diabetes also have it for the rest of their lives, some have managed to rid themselves of their diabetic symptoms through a strict exercise regime and loss of weight.

Here are some important questions you should ask your doctor after you learn your diagnosis:

What types of medication will you have to take?
How often will you have to give yourself insulin?
Will you have to change you diet?
What kind of other medical complications can occur now that you are diabetic?
How often will you have to check your blood sugar levels?
How can weight loss improve your condition?
How will changing your exercise routine improve your health?
Do you need to start seeing other medical professionals more often?

It is important to understand that while learning you have diabetes is life altering, and even scary, that you can live a pretty normal life, as long as you follow your doctor’s orders.

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