The Civil War did officially end slavery. However, many have the preconceived notion that the war itself was started because of slavery. It was not. Slavery was only one of many reasons why the Southern states were opposed to having their way of life drastically changed.
It was started on April 12, 1861, when Confederate troops fired on Fort Sumter, a U.S. military post in Charleston, South Carolina. It was commonly known as the War Between the States and also the War of Secession.
Reason #1: States Rights
Southerners wanted to make their own laws and guidelines to govern their individual states, instead of allowing the federal government to dictate to them what laws they had to abide by. They believed strongly in state sovereignty. That true political authority rested in the separate states. There was a sense of loyalty and pride in the lifestyle those generations of Southerners had worked hard to achieve, and they did not want to lose it.
Reason #2: Slavery
There were many erroneous myths and rumors circulated by abolitionists, who were in object disapproval of slave labor which Southerners used on their plantations. While a larger percentage of the population in many areas of the South did own slaves, not everyone owned them. Nor did all of the slave owners mistreat their slaves as depicted in ‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin’ By Harriet Beecher Stowe.
Reason #3: Violations of the Constitution
The Southern states believed that the federal government had become untrustworthy due to its frequent violations of the Constitution, and therefore it was within their rights to secede from the Union and forge their own government.
These are only a few of the many reasons why the South seceded from the Union. Secession of the Southern states launched a domino chain of events that led to the most brutal war the United States has known in the history of its creation.