The Pentagram or Pentacle is perhaps the most important symbol used by Wicca’s in their rituals and spells. The word pentagram comes from the Greek word pentagrammos, which roughly translates to ‘five-lines’. It is an age-old symbol, also known as the pentacle, and is highly regarded by Wicca’s and Pagans. The pentagram tells us that we have the ability to bring Spirit to Earth; this applies to every area of practical day-to-day living, as well as spiritual thought. The ability of bringing Spirit to Earth is what makes us whole.
The origins of the pentagram go as far back as pre-Babylonian Sumer. In ancient Greece, Pythagoras (586 – 506 BCE) established a school which pursued knowledge in mathematics, music, religion, and other specialties. Driven underground, his followers used the pentagram as a secret sign to identify themselves to each other. The Masonic Order has traditionally traced its origins back 2,500 years to the Pythagoreans.
To the followers of Pythagoras, the Pentagram was called “The Pentalpha” being composed of five interlaced A’s or Alphas. The Alpha being the first word of the alphabet, we can perhaps view it as showing forth unity in the midst of multiplicity.

In Wicca rituals, the pentacle is a round disk crafted in metals such as copper, silver, bronze, or gold, and inscribed with a pentagram and placed upon on the altar. It is often inscribed with astrological symbols, runes, or other words to suit an individual Wicca’s personality or their level of awareness upon their path.

Traditionally, each of the five angles represent the five metaphysical elements of the ancients

EARTH: (lower left hand corner) represents stability and physical endurance.

FIRE: (lower right hand corner) represents courage and daring.

WATER: (upper right hand corner) represents emotions and intuition.

AIR: (upper left hand corner) represents intelligence and the arts.

SPIRIT: (at the topmost point) represents the All and the Divine.

The Circle around the star represents the God-Goddess; it refracts and reflects all light, bringing to the wearer total intelligence, universal wisdom and protection.

During magical operations, the pentagram is often used to draw in the air with an athame. When drawn this way, it can either invoke or banish energies. Used upon an altar, it becomes a focal point to draw in and send out the intentions of a spell or ritual.

Often times a Wicca wears a specially crafted pentagram, embedded with jewels to invite positive energy and for personal protection.